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Context of 'November 1, 2002: Navy Looks for Merchant Ships to Ferry Materiel to Persian Gulf'

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A CIA-backed military-civilian coup overthrows the Brazilian government of Joao Goulart. (Gribbin 4/1979; Kornbluh 3/31/2004) The coup plotters received assurances from the US State Department in advance of Goulart’s ousting that the US would recognize the new government and provide assistance to the rebels if needed. As part of Operation Uncle Sam (Diuguid 12/29/1976; Keen 1992, pp. 359; Rapoza 1/5/2003) , the US Navy dispatched tankers to the coast of southern Brazil and mobilized for a possible airlift of 110 tons of ammunition and other equipment including CS gas for crowd control. (Central Intelligence Agency 4/1/1964 pdf file; Kornbluh 3/31/2004) But the Goulart government falls with little resistance and US assistance is not requested. Not wanting to be responsible for bloodshed among Brazilians, Goulart refuses to call on loyalist forces and flees to Uruguay. (Central Intelligence Agency 4/1/1964 pdf file; Keen 1992, pp. 359)

The US completes a Navy communications facility on the island of Diego Garcia. (Sunday Times (London) 9/21/1975)

The US Navy looks for merchant ships to carry huge amounts of armor and ammunition to the Persian Gulf, in preparation for the upcoming invasion of Iraq. (Unger 2007, pp. 267)

An internal review written by Navy Admiral Scott R. Van Bushkirk concludes that a Defense Department program that plants pro-US stories (see September 2004-September 2006) in the Iraqi press is not violating any US laws. (Mazzetti 3/4/2006) In a Pentagon press briefing on March 3, 2006, Army Gen. George W. Casey tells reporters, “By and large, it found that we were operating within our authorities and responsibilities.” The Defense Department has no intention of ending the program, Casey adds. (US Department of Defense 3/3/2006; Mazzetti 3/4/2006)

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