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(9:15 a.m.) September 11, 2001: American Airlines Orders Its Flights to Land Immediately

American Airlines orders all of its airborne flights to land at the nearest airport. (Mccartney and Carey 10/15/2001; 9/11 Commission 8/26/2004, pp. 31) Managers at the American Airlines System Operations Control (SOC) center in Fort Worth, Texas have learned of the second plane hitting the World Trade Center. Initially, they mistakenly believed this second plane was American Airlines Flight 77 (see 9:08 a.m. September 11, 2001). Gerard Arpey, the airline’s executive vice president for operations, conferred with other operational managers, and they all agreed that the airline needed to land its aircraft immediately. American Airlines’ president Don Carty then arrives at the SOC and also agrees, telling Arpey, “Do it.” So, at about 9:15, the airline orders all its planes to land at the nearest suitable airport. (Mccartney and Carey 10/15/2001; 9/11 Commission 1/27/2004) This is the first time an airline has ever ordered all its planes to land. (Levin, Adams, and Morrison 8/12/2002) The FAA will give out a similar order to all its facilities about 30 minutes later (see (9:45 a.m.) September 11, 2001). (9/11 Commission 7/24/2004, pp. 29) Around that time, United Airlines will also order its aircraft to land (see (9:45 a.m.) September 11, 2001). (9/11 Commission 1/27/2004) American Airlines ordered a ground stop earlier on that prevented any new takeoffs of its aircraft (see Between 9:00 a.m. and 9:10 a.m. September 11, 2001). (9/11 Commission 8/26/2004, pp. 30-31) Most of its domestic flights will have landed by about 11:50 a.m., though it will take longer to ground its international and trans-Pacific flights. (9/11 Commission 1/27/2004)


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