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July 2001-March 2003: Bush Administration Is Informed that Energy Department Does Not Believe Aluminum Tubes Are Meant for Iraqi Nuclear Program

In meetings and telephone calls, CIA officials inform administration officials that experts at the Department of Energy do not believe that the aluminum tubes sought by Iraq are intended for use in a gas centrifuge. According to one senior administration official, who is briefed by the CIA at least six times on the tubes, by late 2001, he is aware that there are differing views on the tubes. “To the best of my knowledge, he never hid anything from me,” the official later recalls, referring to his counterpart at WINPAC. (Barstow, Broad, and Gerth 10/3/2004)

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