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Context of 'April 22, 1884: State Department Recognizes International Association of the Congo As ‘Friendly Government’'

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King Leopold II of Belgium sends General Henry Sanford, a former US Ambassador to Belgium under Lincoln, to lobby Congress and US officials to recognize the International Association of the Congo. [Pakenham, 1992, pp. 242-243; Hochschild, 1999, pp. 79-80]

Entity Tags: Henry Sanford, King Leopold II

Timeline Tags: US-Congo (1959-1997)

The US Senate votes in favor of recognizing the International Association of the Congo. [Pakenham, 1992, pp. 246] The Senate resolution, introduced by Senator John Tyler Morgan of Alabama, is followed by the publishing of a thousand copies of a report on the Congo. Attributed to Morgan, the document was written primarily by General Henry Sanford, who lobbied for the bill on behalf of Belgium’s King Leopold II (see Fall 1883-Spring 1884). Sanford asserts in the report “that no barbarous people have ever so readily adopted the fostering care of benevolent enterprise as have the tribes of the Congo, and never was there a more honest and practical effort to… secure their welfare.” [Hochschild, 1999, pp. 80]

Entity Tags: King Leopold II, John Tyler Morgan, Henry Sanford

Timeline Tags: US-Congo (1959-1997)

The US Secretary of State issues a letter recognizing “the flag of the International African Association [he meant the International Association of the Congo] as the flag of a friendly government.” [Pakenham, 1992, pp. 246]

Entity Tags: International Association of the Congo

Timeline Tags: US-Congo (1959-1997)

The Daily Telegraph says that the International Association of the Congo’s work is being led by “knit adventurers, traders, and missionaries of many races… under the most illustrious modern travelers.” [Pakenham, 1992, pp. 246; Hochschild, 1999, pp. 75-77]

Entity Tags: International Association of the Congo, Daily Telegraph

Timeline Tags: US-Congo (1959-1997)

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