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Context of '1992: Iraq Receives Last US Shipment of Botulism Toxin'

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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sends samples of botulinum toxin and botulinum toxiod “directly to the Iraqi chemical and biological weapons complex at al-Muthanna.” (Kelley 12/21/2002)

Two batches each of bacillus anthracis and bacterium clostridium botulinum are shipped from the US to the Iraqi Ministry of Higher Education. (Mackay and Arbuthnot 9/8/2002)

The last shipment of Clostridium Botulinum, a source of botulinum toxin, is sent to Iraq. (Mackay and Arbuthnot 9/8/2002)

Iraq receives its last shipment from the US of Pralidoxine, an antidote to nerve gas which can also be reverse engineered to create actual nerve gas. (Mackay and Arbuthnot 9/8/2002)


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