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Football Business and Politics

Spain

Project: Football Business and Politics
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FC Barcelona signs future superstar Lionel Messi, currently a 13-year-old schoolboy, from Newell’s Old Boys, a football club based in Rosario, Argentina. Messi has growth hormone deficiency; due to Argentina’s economic crisis, neither the country’s government nor Newell’s Old Boys can afford to pay for his treatment. Barcelona offers to pay for the medicine, which the club’s doctors deem necessary. The signing is made by Carles Rexach, Barcelona’s sporting director, when Messi does well after being flown to Spain for a trial. [Daily Telegraph, 4/28/2009]

Entity Tags: Club Atlético Newell’s Old Boys, FC Barcelona, Carles Rexach, Lionel Messi

Category Tags: Transfers of Young Players, Spain

The Spanish football club Real Madrid sells its training ground to the city council for €480m to wipe out a €290m debt. Under the agreement, the football club will relocate to a new training complex on the outskirts of the city by 2004. The council plans to construct four huge office blocks on the site of the current training ground, as well as a new 20,000-capacity sports pavilion for the city’s 2012 Olympic bid. Real president Florentino Perez says the deal will lift a major burden that has been hanging over the club. “I have been working for this from the very day I became president,” says Perez. “This is very important for Real Madrid because we have removed a terrible burden and will soon have a new training ground which will be even better than AC Milan’s Milanello training complex. From now on we can live without anxiety or financial difficulties. Real Madrid has not only to be a sporting leader, it must also be a financial leader too.” [BreakingNews(.ie), 5/8/2001] Real will use the proceeds of the sale to buy top players such as Zinedine Zidane, Luis Figo, Ronaldo, and David Beckham, but the transaction will be investigated by the EU (see March 3, 2004). However, Real will not be forced to repay any of the money (see (November 9, 2004)).

Entity Tags: Florentino Perez Rodriguez, Real Madrid Club de Fútbol

Category Tags: Spain, Debt/Losses

Cesc Fabregas, who will go on to captain Arsenal for a number of years, joins the club from Barcelona’s youth team. He is 16 years old. [Arsenal, 2010] Fabregas is one of several Spanish players who leave their native country to join English football clubs at a young age; the moves are because English employment law allows 16-year-olds to sign contracts, whereas in Spain players can only sign when they are older (see October 10, 2007 and February 23, 2011).

Entity Tags: Arsenal F.C., FC Barcelona, Francesc Fabregas i Soler

Category Tags: England, Transfers of Young Players, Spain

The European Union announces it has begun a preliminary investigation into the sale of Real Madrid’s training ground to the city council in 2001 (see (May 8, 2001)). The sale netted €480m, which wiped out the football club’s €290m debt and enabled it to buy players such as Zinedine Zidane, Ronaldo, Luis Figo, and David Beckham. “We believe Madrid’s regional authorities may have overpaid,” says Tilman Luder, the EU’s competition spokesman. He also warns that the club may have to pay back some money if the price exceeded the market value. “We have sent a questionnaire to the Spanish government: to find out why they bought this land, at what price, and if they can prove it was at the market price. We suspect that the purchase price was influenced by the fact that this property had been reclassified, which increased its value,” says Luder. If Spain’s response to the questionnaire is not satisfactory, the EU may launch a formal investigation. [Independent, 3/4/2010] The EU will later drop the matter (see (November 9, 2004)).

Entity Tags: Tilman Luder, Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, European Union

Category Tags: Debt/Losses, Spain

The European Union drops a competition probe into a transaction in which football club Real Madrid received hundreds of millions of Euros from the Madrid city council in return for its training ground (see (May 8, 2001) and March 3, 2004). The commission concludes that no state aid for Real was involved in the transaction and no government resources were transferred to it. [Sports Illustrated, 11/9/2004]

Entity Tags: Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, European Union

Category Tags: Spain, Debt/Losses

The Spanish government passes what will become known as the “Beckham Law.” The law grants a tax break to wealthy foreigners earning over €600,000 who work in Spain—they will pay only 24 percent income tax, whereas Spaniards earning the same amount pay 43 percent. The initial aim is to attract talented executives, but the biggest effect is on Spanish football, as the tax break allows Spanish clubs to attract high-paid players from elsewhere in Europe where there are higher tax rates. The law gets its nickname from Real Madrid midfielder David Beckham, who joined the club shortly before the tax break came into operation. A later Spanish administration will announce the end of the law’s application (see November 4, 2009). [Xinhua News Agency (Beijing), 11/4/2009]

Entity Tags: David Beckham

Category Tags: Spain

Real Madrid logo.Real Madrid logo. [Source: SoccerFiesta (.net)]Deloitte publishes its Football Money League rankings for the 2004-2005 season. The rankings of the top 20 European clubs and their football earnings are:
(1) Real Madrid (€275.7m)
(2) Manchester United (€246.4m)
(3) Milan (€234.0m)
(4) Juventus (€229.4m)
(5) Chelsea (€220.8m)
(6) Barcelona (€207.9m)
(7) Bayern Munich (€189.5m)
(8) Liverpool (€181.2m)
(9) Internazionale (€177.2m)
(10) Arsenal (€171.3m)
(11) Roma (€131.8m)
(12) Newcastle United (€128.9m)
(13) Tottenham Hotspur (€104.5m)
(14) Schalke (€97.4m)
(15) Lyon (€92.9m)
(16) Celtic (€92.7m)
(17) Manchester City (€90.1m)
(18) Everton (€88.8m)
(19) Valencia (€84.6m)
(20) Lazio (€83.1m) [Deloitte, 2/2006 pdf file]

Entity Tags: Celtic F.C., Fussball-Club Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04, Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Tottenham Hotspur F.C., Valencia, FC Barcelona, Newcastle United F.C., Bayern Munich, Arsenal F.C., Milan, Roma, Manchester City F.C., Everton F.C., Manchester United F.C., Chelsea F.C., Internazionale, Deloitte, Lazio, Juventus, Olympique Lyonnais, Liverpool F.C.

Category Tags: England, Italy, Spain, Deloitte Money League

Deloitte publishes its Football Money League rankings for the 2005-6 season. The rankings of the top 20 European clubs and their football earnings are:
(1) Real Madrid (€292.1m)
(2) Barcelona (€259.1m)
(3) Juventus (€251.2m)
(4) Manchester United (€242.6m)
(5) AC Milan (€238.7m)
(6) Chelsea (€221.0m)
(7) Internazionale (€206.6m)
(8) Bayern Munich (€204.7m)
(9) Arsenal (€192.4m)
(10) Liverpool (€176.0m)
(11) Lyon (€127.7m)
(12) Roma (€127.0m)
(13) Newcastle United (€124.3m)
(14) Schalke (€122.9m)
(15) Tottenham Hotspur (€107.2m)
(16) Hamburg (€101.8m)
(17) Manchester City (€89.4m)
(18) Rangers (€88.5m)
(19) West Ham United (€86.9m)
(20) Benfica (€85.1m) [Deloitte, 2/2007 pdf file]

Entity Tags: Benfica, Fussball-Club Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04, Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Tottenham Hotspur F.C., West Ham United, FC Barcelona, Rangers, Bayern Munich, Arsenal F.C., Newcastle United F.C., Roma, Manchester United F.C., Hamburg SV, Milan, Chelsea F.C., Internazionale, Deloitte, Liverpool F.C., Juventus, Manchester City F.C., Olympique Lyonnais

Category Tags: England, Italy, Spain, Deloitte Money League

FC Barcelona wins a £2.1 million lawsuit against Fran Merida, a player who left the football club when he was 16, later joining Arsenal FC. Merida is found not to have honored a pre-contractual agreement he had with the Catalan giants. Spanish clubs cannot sign youth players until they are 18, whereas clubs in England can sign 16-year-olds under British law, meaning that some Spanish players sign for English clubs on turning 16. [Daily Telegraph, 10/11/2007] Arsenal will decide not to appeal the ruling and pay the fine for Merida. Reportedly, this decision is taken to improve relations between the two clubs, which have been poor since a similar problem with Cesc Fabregas’s move to London in 2003. [Daily Mail, 10/31/2009]

Entity Tags: FC Barcelona, Arsenal F.C., Fran Merida

Category Tags: Transfers of Young Players, England, Spain

Deloitte publishes its Football Money League rankings for the 2006-2007 season. The rankings of the top 20 European clubs and their football earnings are:
(1) Real Madrid (€351.0m)
(2) Manchester United (€315.2m)
(3) FC Barcelona (€290.1m)
(4) Chelsea (€283.0m)
(5) Arsenal (€263.9m)
(6) AC Milan (€227.2m)
(7) Bayern Munich (€223.3m)
(8) Liverpool (€198.9m)
(9) Internazionale (€195.0m)
(10) AS Roma (€157.6m)
(11) Tottenham Hotspur (€153.1m)
(12) Juventus (€145.2m)
(13) Olympique Lyonnais (€140.6m)
(14) Newcastle United (€129.4m)
(15) Hamburg SV (€120.4m)
(16) Schalke 04 (€114.3m)
(17) Celtic (€111.8m)
(18) Valencia (€107.6m)
(19) Olympique de Marseille (€99.0m)
(20) Werder Bremen (€97.3m) [Deloitte, 2/14/2008 pdf file]

Entity Tags: Roma, Tottenham Hotspur F.C., Valencia, Celtic F.C., FC Barcelona, Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Bayern Munich, Arsenal F.C., Olympique de Marseille, Fussball-Club Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04, Milan, Hamburg SV, Newcastle United F.C., Chelsea F.C., Internazionale, Deloitte, Liverpool F.C., Manchester United F.C., Olympique Lyonnais, Juventus

Category Tags: England, Italy, Spain, Deloitte Money League

Deloitte publishes its Football Money League rankings for the 2007-2008 season. The rankings of the top 20 European clubs and their football earnings are:
(1) Real Madrid (€365.8m)
(2) Manchester United (€324.8m)
(3) FC Barcelona (€308.8m)
(4) Bayern Munich (€295.3m)
(5) Chelsea (€268.9m)
(6) Arsenal (€264.4m)
(7) Liverpool (€210.9m)
(8) AC Milan (€209.5m)
(9) AS Roma (€175.4m)
(10) Internazionale (€172.9m)
(11) Juventus (€167.5m)
(12) Olympique Lyonnais (€155.7m)
(13) Schalke 04 (€148.4m)
(14) Tottenham Hotspur (€145.0m)
(15) Hamburger SV (€127.9m)
(16) Olympique de Marseille (€126.8m)
(17) Newcastle United (€125.6m)
(18) VfB Stuttgart (€111.5m)
(19) Fenerbahce (€111.3m)
(20) Manchester City (€104.0m) [Deloitte, 2/13/2009]

Entity Tags: Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Bayern Munich, Olympique de Marseille, Fussball-Club Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04, Tottenham Hotspur F.C., VfB Stuttgart, Newcastle United F.C., FC Barcelona, Arsenal F.C., Milan, Roma, Manchester City F.C., Fenerbahce S.K., Deloitte, Manchester United F.C., Hamburg SV, Chelsea F.C., Juventus, Liverpool F.C., Olympique Lyonnais, Internazionale

Category Tags: England, Spain, Italy, Deloitte Money League

The Spanish government announces that the “Beckham law” will cease to apply on January 1, 2010. The law was passed in 2005 in order to lure top foreign executives to Spain by giving them a massive tax break (see 2005). However, most of the people who took advantage of the law were footballers, in particular England and Real Madrid midfielder David Beckham. The law’s repeal will lead to Spanish clubs having to pay foreign players more in future, creating a more level playing field for signings with clubs in other European countries. [Xinhua News Agency (Beijing), 11/4/2009]

Category Tags: Spain

Deloitte publishes its Football Money League rankings for the 2008-2009 season, in which Real Madrid was the first European club to earn more than €400m. The rankings of the top 20 European clubs and their football earnings are:
(1) Real Madrid (€401.4m)
(2) FC Barcelona (€365.9m)
(3) Manchester United (€327.0m)
(4) Bayern Munich (€289.5m)
(5) Arsenal (€263.0m)
(6) Chelsea (€242.3m)
(7) Liverpool (€217.0m)
(8) Juventus (€203.2m)
(9) Internazionale (€196.5m)
(10) AC Milan (€196.5m)
(11) Hamburger SV (€146.7m)
(12) AS Roma (€146.4m)
(13) Olympique Lyonnais (€139.6m)
(14) Olympique de Marseille (€133.2m)
(15) Tottenham Hotspur (€132.7m)
(16) Schalke 04 (€124.5m)
(17) Werder Bremen (€114.7m)
(18) Borussia Dortmund (€103.5m)
(19) Manchester City (€102.2m)
(20) Newcastle United (€101.0m) [Deloitte, 3/2010 pdf file]

Entity Tags: Olympique de Marseille, Bayern Munich, Olympique Lyonnais, Roma, SV Werder Bremen, Tottenham Hotspur F.C., Newcastle United F.C., Ballspiel-Verein Borussia 1909 e. V. Dortmund, Arsenal F.C., Milan, Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Manchester City F.C., FC Barcelona, Deloitte, Manchester United F.C., Fussball-Club Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04, Chelsea F.C., Internazionale, Juventus, Liverpool F.C., Hamburg SV

Category Tags: England, Italy, Spain, Deloitte Money League

University of Barcelona professor Jose Maria Gay publishes a report into the finances of Spanish football clubs. The report paints a grim picture, showing that the 20 La Liga clubs owed a total of €3.5bn in the 2008-2009 season, a €40m increase from the previous term. The report also shows the slowing pace of revenue growth in 2008-2009—down from 10 percent to 4 percent—and total expenses of €1.7bn, up €249m. Salary costs, in particular player wages, accounted for 85 percent of turnover. [Forbes, 5/19/2010]

Entity Tags: Jose Maria Gay

Category Tags: Debt/Losses, Spain

Real Mallorca, which finished fifth in the recently concluded La Liga season, applies to go into bankruptcy administration. The club has a debt of €85m (US$103m). Majority shareholder Mateu Alemany comments: “Over the past two years, Mallorca has suffered a very complex economic situation, with serious financial problems and an inability to meet its commitments. This is a legal instrument that enables Mallorca to see the future in another way—to have a budget structure that has logic and controls debt, to take stringent budgetary measures to bring spending in line with earning capacity.” According to a recently published report into Spanish football finances (see May 18, 2010), Mallorca made a loss of €5.2m for the 2008-2009 season, on revenues of €28.1m. Its playing staff budget for the 2009-2010 season was €34.6m. [Forbes, 5/19/2010]

Entity Tags: Mateu Alemany, Real Mallorca

Category Tags: Debt/Losses, Spain

Businessman Sandro Rosell is elected president of Spanish football club FC Barcelona, succeeding Joan Laporta, who had been in charge for seven years. Rosell, a former Barcelona vice president who resigned in 2005 after arguing with Laporta, wins more than 60 percent of votes cast by club members. [BBC, 6/13/2010]

Entity Tags: FC Barcelona, Sandro Rosell

Category Tags: Spain

Sheikh Abdullah Bin Nassar Al-Thani, a member of the Qatari royal family, agrees to buy a majority stake in Malaga football club for €36m from current president Fernando Sanz. “The agreement has already been notified to the Spanish Sports Council and will be completed shortly, given that said public body has provided its verbal approval of the agreement’s terms and conditions,” says the club. Al-Thani, who will also assume the club’s debt, is extremely wealthy and manages a business empire based in the United Arab Emirates, which employs around 3,000 people and operates in more than 30 countries. His interests include hotel chains, shopping centres, mobile phone companies, car dealerships, and a bank. Malaga’s highest ever finish in the Spanish top flight is seventh, and they have been relegated to the second tier frequently. They recently finished 17th out of 20 clubs in Spain’s Premiera Division. Al-Thani comments, “Our goal is to help Malaga take the necessary steps to consolidate its presence in La Liga and to reinforce the excitement and hopes of the supporters.” [Reuters, 6/26/2011]

Entity Tags: Malaga Club de Futbol, Fernando Sanz, Abdullah Bin Nassar Al-Thani

Category Tags: Club Ownership, Spain

FC Barcelona takes out a €150m loan to cover the football club’s expenses. The need for the loan was announced a week before it was taken out, when newly elected club president Sandro Rosell said the loan was to pay wages for players, coaching staff, and other employees. The loan is provided by a group of Spanish banks headed by Santander and La Caixa. [Press Association (London), 7/14/2010]

Entity Tags: Banco Santander, FC Barcelona, La Caixa, Sandro Rosell

Category Tags: Debt/Losses, Spain

UEFA bans the Spanish football club Real Mallorca from European competition because it is not in compliance with its financial regulations. Mallorca has had a successful season and qualified for the Europa League, but went into administration in May (see (May 19, 2010)). Villareal is set to take Mallorca’s place in the competition if an appeal is unsuccessful. [Sport Business, 7/23/2010]

Entity Tags: Real Mallorca, Union of European Football Associations

Category Tags: UEFA, Debt/Losses, Spain

Real Mallorca appeals to the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) to reverse a recent decision banning the club from next season’s Europa League. The club was banned from European competition (see (July 22, 2010)) because it is currently in administration and not in compliance with UEFA’s financial guidelines (see (May 19, 2010)). At the same time as the appeal, Mallorca issues a statement pointing out that the ban will make its financial situation worse, as it would deprive the club “of a series of revenue in different concepts, such as ticketing, sponsorship, and income from the competition.” It adds, “Ethically and legally, RCD Mallorca believes reason is on their side and [the club] will not relent in the effort to show that he has earned the right to challenge the Europa League.” [Goal, 7/26/2010]

Entity Tags: Real Mallorca, Union of European Football Associations

Category Tags: Debt/Losses, UEFA, Spain

FC Barcelona president Sandro Rosell announces that in the previous season the football club made a record loss of €79.6m and that its debt has climbed to €430m. Rosell also proposes that the club file suit against previous president Joan Laporta over dubious bookkeeping practices, a proposal that is approved by a narrow majority at the general assembly of club’s members. According to Rosell, when he took over from Laporta (see June 13, 2010), he had the club’s books checked by outside auditors. The results of the audit led him to propose the action against Laporta, with whom he has been in conflict for several years. [DPA, 10/16/2010]

Entity Tags: FC Barcelona, Sandro Rosell, Joan Laporta

Category Tags: Debt/Losses, Spain

Some Spanish football clubs fail to back a proposed agreement on how to share income from collectively-sold domestic television rights from the 2015-16 season. Under the agreement, the largest two Spanish clubs, Read Madrid and Barcelona, would share 34 percent of all income, Atletico Madrid and Valencia would share 11 percent, the remaining 16 top-tier Spanish clubs would split 45 percent equally, and there would be parachute payments for relegated clubs. The proposal is opposed by Sevilla, Zaragoza, Villarreal, Real Sociedad, Athletic Bilbao, and Espanyol, with Malaga undecided. “Only Real Madrid and Barcelona stand to gain from this,” says Sevilla president Jose Maria del Nido, spokesman for the rebels. “The two giants have earned €1,500 million more than the next club in the last 10 years, and with this agreement in place four clubs—Real Madrid, Barcelona, Atletico Madrid, and Valencia—will all earn more in the next six years than a team that finishes third in the league.” The rebels propose a different agreement under which revenue would be shared more equally. “Of the 79 leagues played 51 have been won by Real Madrid or Barcelona, which is 65 percent against 35 percent for the rest,” adds del Nido. “In the last 10 years the two big clubs have won 80 percent of the titles with 20 percent for the rest. And most significantly, in the last five years only these two have won the title. If this continues the league title will have been sold in advance for the next 10 years.” [Soccerlens, 11/18/2010]

Entity Tags: Jose Maria del Nido, Villarreal Club de Fútbol, S.A.D., FC Barcelona, Sevilla Fútbol Club S.A.D., Valencia, Club Atlético de Madrid, S.A.D., Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona, Real Zaragoza, S.A.D., Real Sociedad de Fútbol, S.A.D.

Category Tags: Spain

Spanish football clubs conclude a new TV revenue-sharing agreement, which has been under negotiation for some time (see (November 17, 2010)). Under the deal, Real Madrid and Barcelona will share 35 percent of TV revenues; the second and third most popular clubs, Atletico Madrid and Valencia, will share 11 percent; and the remaining 16 clubs will get 45 percent between them. In addition, for the first time the Spanish league will offer a “parachute payment” to protect teams that are relegated to a lower tier: the sudden drop into the second division—and large fall in TV income—had previously been difficult for clubs to handle as they still had to pay high wages despite playing in a lesser competition. The unequal distribution draws some protest. For example, Sevilla sporting director Ramon Rodriguez Verdejo comments that the Spanish league “reminds me more and more of Scotland,” which has been dominated by two clubs for decades. Sports Illustrated and Guardian columnist Sid Lowe adds that the “inequality” between Barcelona and Read Madrid on the one hand and the other 18 clubs on the other is now “enshrined,” commenting that the other 18 teams in Spain “no longer aspire… to be the best; but they [do] aspire to stay in business.” [Sports Illustrated, 1/14/2011]

Entity Tags: Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Ramon Rodriguez Verdejo, Sevilla Fútbol Club S.A.D., FC Barcelona, Sid Lowe

Category Tags: Spain

Fans of Deportivo La Coruna protest a new agreement on how television revenue will be shared among Spanish football clubs at the team’s La Liga match against Barcelona. Under the new agreement, Barcelona will receive approximately 17 percent of all revenue, while La Coruna will get less than three percent (see Shortly Before January 8, 2011). One banner displayed by the fans reads, “We don’t want a Scottish league.” [Sports Illustrated, 1/14/2011]

Category Tags: Spain

Deloitte publishes its Football Money League rankings for the 2009-2010 season, in which the top 10 clubs are exactly the same, although in a slightly different order, as they were the previous year (see March 2010). The rankings of the top 20 European clubs and their football earnings are:
(1) Real Madrid (€438.6m)
(2) FC Barcelona (€398.1m)
(3) Manchester United (€349.8m)
(4) Bayern Munich (€323.0m)
(5) Arsenal (€274.1m)
(6) Chelsea (€255.9m)
(7) AC Milan (€235.8m)
(8) Liverpool (€225.3m)
(9) Internazionale (€224.8m)
(10) Juventus (€205.0m)
(11) Manchester City (€152.8m)
(12) Tottenham Hotspur (€146.3m)
(13) Hamburger SV (€146.2m)
(14) Olympique Lyonnais (€146.1m)
(15) Olympique de Marseille (€141.1m)
(16) Schalke 04 (€139.8m)
(17) Atletico Madrid (€124.5m)
(18) AS Roma (€122.7m)
(18) Vfb Stuttgart (€114.8m)
(20) Aston Villa (€109.4m) [Deloitte, 2/2011 pdf file]

Entity Tags: Olympique de Marseille, Bayern Munich, Olympique Lyonnais, Roma, Tottenham Hotspur F.C., VfB Stuttgart, Milan, Aston Villa, Arsenal F.C., Manchester United F.C., Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Liverpool F.C., Deloitte, Club Atlético de Madrid, S.A.D., Manchester City F.C., FC Barcelona, Chelsea F.C., Hamburg SV, Internazionale, Juventus, Fussball-Club Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04

Category Tags: England, Italy, Spain, Deloitte Money League

Deloitte publishes its annual rankings of the richest clubs in European football. There is little change to the top 10, and the top seven clubs are in exactly the same positions as they were last year (see February 2011). The rankings of the top 20 European clubs and their football earnings are:
(1) Real Madrid (€479.5m)
(2) FC Barcelona (€450.7m)
(3) Manchester United (€367m)
(4) Bayern Munich (€321.4m)
(5) Arsenal (€251.1m)
(6) Chelsea (€249.8m)
(7) AC Milan (€235.1m)
(8) Internazionale (€211.4m)
(9) Liverpool (€203.3m)
(10) Schalke 04 (€202.4m)
(11) Tottenham Hotspur (€181m)
(12) Manchester City (€169.6m)
(13) Juventus (€153.9m)
(14) Olympique de Marseille (€150.4m)
(15) AS Roma (€143.5m)
(16) Borussia Dortmund (€138.5m)
(17) Olympique Lyonnais (€132.8m)
(18) Hamburger SV (€128.8m)
(19) Valencia (€116.8)
(20) Napoli (€114.9). [Deloitte, 2/2012; Press Association (London), 2/9/2012]

Entity Tags: Bayern Munich, Olympique de Marseille, Real Madrid Club de Fútbol, Roma, Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli S.p.A., Tottenham Hotspur F.C., Olympique Lyonnais, Ballspiel-Verein Borussia 1909 e. V. Dortmund, Arsenal F.C., Milan, Valencia, Manchester City F.C., Chelsea F.C., Manchester United F.C., Deloitte, Fussball-Club Gelsenkirchen-Schalke 04, FC Barcelona, Juventus, Hamburg SV, Liverpool F.C., Internazionale

Category Tags: Deloitte Money League, England, Italy, Spain

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